Modified sorting technique to mitigate the collateral mortality of trawled school prawns (Metapenaeus macleayi)

Broadhurst, Mark K. and Millar, Russell B. and Brand, Craig P. and Uhlmann, Sebastian S. (2009) Modified sorting technique to mitigate the collateral mortality of trawled school prawns (Metapenaeus macleayi). Fishery Bulletin, 107(3), pp. 286-297.

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Abstract

The potential for changes to onboard handling practices in order to improve the fate of juvenile school prawns (Metapenaeus macleayi) discarded during trawling were investigated in two Australian rivers (Clarence and Hunter) by comparing a purpose-built, water-filled sorting tray against a conventional dry tray across various conditions, including the range of typical delays before the start of sorting the catch (2 min vs. 15 min). Juvenile school prawns (n= 5760), caught during 32 and 16 deployments in each river, were caged and sacrificed at four times: immediately (T0), and at 24 (T24), 72 (T72), and 120 (T12 0) hours after having been discarded. In both rivers, most mortalities occurred between T0 and T24 and, after adjusting for control deaths (<12%), were greatest for the 15-min conventional treatment (up to 41% at T120). Mixed-effects logistic models revealed that in addition to the sampling time, method of sorting, and delay in sorting, the weight of the catch, salinity, and percentage cloud cover were significant predictors of mortality. Although trawling caused some mortalities and comparable stress (measured as L -lactate) in all school prawns, use of the water tray lessened the negative impacts of some of the above factors across both the 2-min and 15-min delays in sorting so that the overall discard mortality was reduced by more than a third. When used in conjunction with selective trawls, widespread application of the water tray should help to improve the sustainability of trawling for school prawns.

Item Type: Article
Title: Modified sorting technique to mitigate the collateral mortality of trawled school prawns (Metapenaeus macleayi)
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Broadhurst, Mark K.
Millar, Russell B.
Brand, Craig P.
Uhlmann, Sebastian S.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 107
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 286-297
Date: 2009
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8785
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2012 08:59
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2012 08:59
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8785

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