Population structure of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) across the Pacific Rim, determined from microsatellite analysis

Beacham, Terry D. and Candy, John R. and Le, Khai D. and Wetklo, Michael (2009) Population structure of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) across the Pacific Rim, determined from microsatellite analysis. Fishery Bulletin, 107(2), pp. 244-260.

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Abstract

The Pacific Rim population structure of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) was examined with a survey of microsatellite variation to describe the distribution of genetic variation and to evaluate whether chum salmon may have originated from two or more glacial refuges following dispersal to newly available habitat after glacial retreat. Variation at 14 microsatellite loci was surveyed for over 53,000 chum salmon sampled from over 380 localities ranging from Korea through Washington State. An index of genetic differentiation, FST, over all populations and loci was 0.033, with individual locus values ranging from 0.009 to 0.104. The most genetically diverse chum salmon were observed from Asia, particularly Japan, whereas chum salmon from the Skeena River and Queen Charlotte Islands in northern British Columbia and those from Washington State displayed the fewest number of alleles compared with chum salmon in other regions. Differentiation in chum salmon allele frequencies among regions and populations within regions was approximately 18 times greater than that of annual variation within populations. A regional structuring of populations was the general pattern observed, with chum salmon spawning in different tributaries within a major river drainage or spawning in smaller rivers in a geographic area generally more similar to each other than to populations in different major river drainages or geographic areas. Population structure of chum salmon on a Pacific Rim basis supports the concept of a minimum of two refuges, northern and southern, during the last glaciation, but four possible refuges fit better the observed distribution of genetic variation. The distribution of microsatellite variation of chum salmon on a Pacific Rim basis likely reflects the origins of salmon radiating from refuges after the last glaciation period.

Item Type: Article
Title: Population structure of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) across the Pacific Rim, determined from microsatellite analysis
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Beacham, Terry D.
Candy, John R.
Le, Khai D.
Wetklo, Michael
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 107
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 244-260
Date: 2009
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8806
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2012 18:34
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2012 18:34
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8806

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