NMFS / Interagency Working Group Evaluation of CITES Criteria and Guidelines.

Mace, Pamela M. and Bruckner, Andy W. and Daves, Nancy K. and Field, John D. and Hunter, John R. and Kohler, Nancy E. and Kope, Robert G. and Lieberman, Susan S. and Miller, Margaret W. and Orr, James W. and Otto, Robert S. and Smith, Tim D. and Thompson, Nancy B. (2002) NMFS / Interagency Working Group Evaluation of CITES Criteria and Guidelines. Silver Spring, MD, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service , 70pp. (NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS F/SPO, 58)

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Abstract

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: At present, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) criteria used to assess whether a population qualifies for inclusion in the CITES Appendices relate to (A) size of the population, (B) area of distribution of the population, and (C) declines in the size of the population. Numeric guidelines are provided as indicators of a small population (less than 5,000 individuals), a small subpopulation (less than 500 individuals), a restricted area of distribution for a population (less than 10,000 km2), a restricted area of distribution for a subpopula-tion (less than 500 km2), a high rate of decline (a decrease of 50% or more in total within 5 years or two generations whichever is longer or, for a small wild population, a decline of 20% or more in total within ten years or three generations whichever is longer), large fluctuations (population size or area of distribution varies widely, rapidly and frequently, with a variation greater than one order of magnitude), and a short-term fluctuation (one of two years or less). The Working Group discussed several broad issues of relevance to the CITES criteria and guidelines. These included the importance of the historical extent of decline versus the recent rate of decline; the utility and validity of incorporating relative population productivity into decline criteria; the utility of absolute numbers for defining small populations or small areas; the appropriateness of generation times as time frames for examining declines; the importance of the magnitude and frequency of fluctuations as factors affecting risk of extinction; and the overall utility of numeric thresh-olds or guidelines.

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: NMFS / Interagency Working Group Evaluation of CITES Criteria and Guidelines.
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Mace, Pamela M.
Bruckner, Andy W.
Daves, Nancy K.
Field, John D.
Hunter, John R.
Kohler, Nancy E.
Kope, Robert G.
Lieberman, Susan S.
Miller, Margaret W.
Orr, James W.
Otto, Robert S.
Smith, Tim D.
Thompson, Nancy B.
Series Name: NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS F/SPO
Number: 58
Number of Pages: 70
Date: 2002
Publisher: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service
Place of Publication: Silver Spring, MD
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8954
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2012 15:05
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2012 15:05
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8954

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