The effect of predation (current and historical) by humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on fish abundance near Kodiak Island, Alaska

Witteveen, Briana H. and Foy, Robert J. and Wynne, Kate M. (2006) The effect of predation (current and historical) by humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on fish abundance near Kodiak Island, Alaska. Fishery Bulletin, 104(1), pp. 10-20.

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Abstract

Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) are significant marine consumers. To examine the potential effect of predation by humpback whales, consumption (kg of prey daily) and prey removal (kg of prey annually) were modeled for a current and historic feeding aggregation of humpback whales off northeastern Kodiak Island, Alaska. A current prey biomass removal rate was modeled by using an estimate of the 2002 humpback whale abundance. A historic rate of removal was modeled from a prewhaling abundance estimate (population size prior to 1926). Two provisional humpback whale diets were simulated in order to model consumption rate. One diet was based on the stomach contents of whales that were commercially harvested from Port Hobron whaling station in Kodiak, Alaska, between 1926 and 1937, and the second diet, based on local prey availability as determined by fish surveys conducted within the study area, was used to model consumption rate by the historic population. The latter diet was also used to model consumption by the current population and to project a consumption rate if the current population were to grow to reach the historic population size. Models of these simulated diets showed that the current population likely removes nearly 8.83

Item Type: Article
Title: The effect of predation (current and historical) by humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on fish abundance near Kodiak Island, Alaska
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Witteveen, Briana H.
Foy, Robert J.
Wynne, Kate M.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 104
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 10-20
Date: 2006
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 9003
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2012 18:12
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2012 18:12
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9003

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