Sex-change rules, stock dynamics, and the performance of spawning-per-recruit measures in protogynous stocks

Alonzo, Suzanne H. and Mangel, Marc (2005) Sex-change rules, stock dynamics, and the performance of spawning-per-recruit measures in protogynous stocks. Fishery Bulletin, 103(2), pp. 229-245.

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Abstract

Predicting and under-standing the dynamics of a population requires knowledge of vital rates such as survival, growth, and reproduction. However, these variables are influenced by individual behavior, and when managing exploited populations, it is now generally realized that knowledge of a species’ behavior and life history strategies is required. However, predicting and understanding a response to novel conditions—such as increased fishing-induced mortality, changes in environmental conditions, or specific management strategies—also require knowing the endogenous or exogenous cues that induce phenotypic changes and knowing whether these behaviors and life history patterns are plastic. Although a wide variety of patterns of sex change have been observed in the wild, it is not known how the specific sex-change rule and cues that induce sex change affect stock dynamics. Using an individual based model, we examined the effect of the sex-change rule on the predicted stock dynamics, the effect of mating group size, and the performance of traditional spawning-per-recruit (SPR) measures in a protogynous stock. We considered four different patterns of sex change in which the probability of sex change is determined by 1) the absolute size of the individual, 2) the relative length of individuals at the mating site, 3) the frequency of smaller individuals at the mating site, and 4) expected reproductive success. All four pat-terns of sex change have distinct stock dynamics. Although each sex-change rule leads to the prediction that the stock will be sensitive to the size-selective fishing pattern and may crash if too many reproductive size classes are fished, the performance of traditional spawning-per-recruit measures, the fishing pattern that leads to the greatest yield, and the effect of mating group size all differ distinctly for the four sex-change rules. These results indicate that the management of individual species requires knowledge of whether sex change occurs, as well as an understanding of the endogenous or exogenous cues that induce sex change.

Item Type: Article
Title: Sex-change rules, stock dynamics, and the performance of spawning-per-recruit measures in protogynous stocks
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Alonzo, Suzanne H.
Mangel, Marc
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 103
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 229-245
Date: 2005
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 9610
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2012 14:35
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2012 14:35
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9610

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