Escapement of the Cape rock lobster (Jasus lalandii ) through the mesh and entrance of commercial traps

Groeneveld, Johan C. and Khanyile, Jimmy P. and Schoeman, David S. (2005) Escapement of the Cape rock lobster (Jasus lalandii ) through the mesh and entrance of commercial traps. Fishery Bulletin, 103(1), pp. 52-62.

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Metal-framed traps covered with polyethylene mesh used in the fishery for the South African Cape rock lobster (Jasus lalandii) incidentally capture large numbers of undersize (<75 mm CL) specimens. Air-exposure, handling, and release procedures affect captured rock lobsters and reduce the productivity of the stock, which is heavily fished. Optimally, traps should retain legalsize rock lobsters and allow sublegal animals to escape before traps are hauled. Escapement, based on lobster morphometric measurements, through meshes of 62 mm, 75 mm, and 100 mm was investigated theoretically under controlled conditions in an aquarium, and during field trials. SELECT models were used to model escapement, wherever appropriate. Size-selectivity curves based on the logistic model fitted the aquarium and field data better than asymmetrical Richards curves. The lobster length at 50% retention (L50) on the escapement curve for 100-mm mesh in the aquarium (75.5 mm CL) approximated the minimum legal size (75 mm CL); however estimates of L50 increased to 77.4 mm in field trials where trapentrances were sealed, and to 82.2 mm where trap-entrances were open. Therfore, rock lobsters that cannot escape through the mesh of sealed field traps do so through the trap entrance of open traps. By contrast, the wider selection range and lower L25 of field, compared to aquarium, trials (SR = 8.2 mm vs. 2.6 mm; L25 =73.4 mm vs. 74.1 mm), indicate that small lobsters that should be able to escape from 100-mm mesh traps do not always do so. Escapement from 62-mm mesh traps with open entrance funnels increased by 40−60% over sealed traps. The findings of this study with a known size distribution, are related to those of a recent indirect (comparative) study for the same species, and implications for trap surveys, commercial catch rates, and ghost fishing are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Title: Escapement of the Cape rock lobster (Jasus lalandii ) through the mesh and entrance of commercial traps
Personal Creator/Author:
Groeneveld, Johan C.
Khanyile, Jimmy P.
Schoeman, David S.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 103
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 52-62
Date: 2005
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Item ID: 9640
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2012 16:08
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2012 16:08

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