Descriptions of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Bottom Longline and Vertical Line Fisheries Based on Observer Data

Scott-Denton, Elizabeth and Cryer, Pat F. and Gocke, Judith P. and Harrelson, Mike R. and Kinsella, Donna L. and Pulver, Jeff R. and Smith, Rebecca C. and Williams, Jo Anne (2011) Descriptions of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Bottom Longline and Vertical Line Fisheries Based on Observer Data. Marine Fisheries Review, 73(2), pp. 1-26.

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Official URL: http://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/mfr732/mfr7321.pdf

Abstract

In July 2006, a mandatory observer program was implemented to characterize the commercial reef fish fishery operating in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico. The primary gear types assessed included bottom longline and vertical line (bandit and handline). A total of 73,205 fish (183 taxa) were observed in the longline fishery. Most (66%) were red grouper, Epinephelus morio, and yellowedge grouper, E. flavolimbatus. In the vertical line fishery, 89,015 fish (178 taxa) were observed of which most (60%) were red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, and vermilion snapper, Rhomboplites aurorubens. Based on surface observations of discarded under-sized target and unwanted species, the majority of fish were released alive; minimum assumed mortality was 23% for the vertical line and 24% for the bottom longline fishery. Of the individuals released alive in the longline fishery, 42% had visual signs of barotrauma stress (air bladder expansion/and or eyes protruding). In the vertical line fishery, 35% of the fish were released in a stressed state. Red grouper and red snapper size composition by depth and gear type were determined. Catch-per-unit-effort for dominant species in both fisheries, illustrated spatial differences in distribution between the eastern and western Gulf. Hot Spot Analyses for red grouper and red snapper identified areas with significant clustering of high or low CPUE values.

Item Type: Article
Title: Descriptions of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Bottom Longline and Vertical Line Fisheries Based on Observer Data
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Scott-Denton, Elizabeth
Cryer, Pat F.
Gocke, Judith P.
Harrelson, Mike R.
Kinsella, Donna L.
Pulver, Jeff R.
Smith, Rebecca C.
Williams, Jo Anne
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 73
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 1-26
Date: 2011
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Fisheries
Management
Item ID: 9662
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2012 16:29
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2012 16:29
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9662

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