Chartered Trawling on the Brazilian Slope

Perez, Jose Angel Alvarez and Wahrlich, Roberto and Pezzuto, Paulo Ricardo (2009) Chartered Trawling on the Brazilian Slope. Marine Fisheries Review, 71(2), pp. 24-36.

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Official URL: http://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/mfr712/mfr7123.pdf

Abstract

Commercial trawling on the Atlantic slope areas off Brazil intensified in the late 1990’s owing to the expansion of coastal trawling areas and the operations of a chartered foreign fleet. Between 2000 and 2003, 59 fishing trips conducted by 10 chartered trawlers were intensely monitored by observers and satellite vessel monitoring systems, totaling 9,069 tows and 30,085.2 trawling hours. Fishing operations occurred in northern, northeastern, southeastern, and southern sectors of the Brazilian coast in 60–1,173 m depths. Total retained and processed catch were 8,074.6 t and 6,479.8 t, respectively. Argentine hake, Merluccius hubbsi; and Argentine shortfin squid, Illex argentinus, were the primary species taken contributing to 41.1% and 28.6% of the overall catch, respectively. The silver John dory, Zenopsis conchifera; monkfish, Lophius gastrophysus; Brazilian codling, Urophycis mystacea; and the black grouper, Epinephelus nigritus, composed 23% of total processed catch, and the remaining 7.2% was composed of deep-sea shrimps (family Aristeidae) and other teleosts and elasmobranches. The occupation of slope areas included an early exploratory phase, followed by directed phases of the upper slope (300–500 m), aiming principally at the Argentine hake, and the lower slope (>700 m), targeting valuable concentrations of deep-sea aristeid shrimps. The role of chartering for slope trawling development was critically addressed. We conclude that chartered vessels were efficient explorers and were particularly important in areas not available to the technologically limited national fleet. Because the charters were market-oriented and had elevated profit demands, however, those vessels quickly turned from exploration to exploitation and competed with national trawlers in shallower areas and produced significant impacts on Brazil’s modest deep-sea resources.

Item Type: Article
Title: Chartered Trawling on the Brazilian Slope
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Perez, Jose Angel Alvarez
Wahrlich, Roberto
Pezzuto, Paulo Ricardo
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 71
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 24-36
Date: 2009
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Fisheries
Management
Item ID: 9690
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2012 16:41
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2012 16:41
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9690

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