Sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria, Populations on Gulf of Alaska Seamounts

Maloney, Nancy E. (2004) Sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria, Populations on Gulf of Alaska Seamounts. Marine Fisheries Review, 66(3), pp. 1-12.

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Sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria, were tagged and released on Gulf of Alaska seamounts during 1999–2002 to determine the extent, if any, of emigration from the seamounts back to the continental slope and of movement between seamounts. Seventeen sablefish from Gulf of Alaska seamounts have been recovered on the continental slope since tagging began, verifying that seamount to slope migration occurs. Forty-two sablefish were recovered on the same seamounts where they were tagged, and none have been recaptured on seamounts other than the ones where they were released. Sablefish populations on Gulf of Alaska seamounts are made up of individuals mostly older than 5 years and are maledominant, with sex ratios varying from 4:1 up to 10:1 males to females. Males are smaller than females, but the average age of males is greater than that of females, and males have a greater range of age (4–64 yr) than females (4–48 yr). Otoliths of seamount fish frequently have an area of highly compressed annuli, known as the transition zone, where growth has suddenly and greatly slowed or even stopped. Because transition zones can be present in both younger and older seamount fish and are rare in slope fish, formation of otolith transition zones may be related to travel to the seamounts. The route sablefish use to reach the seamounts is so far unknown. One possibility is that fish enter the eastward-flowing North Pacific Current off the Aleutian Islands or western Gulf of Alaska and travel more or less passively on the current until encountering a seamount. The route from seamount back to slope would likely be the northwardflowing Alaska Current. These routes are discussed in light of tag recovery locations of slope- and seamount-tagged fish.

Item Type: Article
Title: Sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria, Populations on Gulf of Alaska Seamounts
Personal Creator/Author:
Maloney, Nancy E.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 66
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 1-12
Date: 2004
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Item ID: 9719
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2012 17:48
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2012 17:49

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