An Accounting of the Sources of Steller Sea Lion, Eumetopias jubatus, Mortality

Loughlin, Thomas R. and York, Anne E. (2000) An Accounting of the Sources of Steller Sea Lion, Eumetopias jubatus, Mortality. Marine Fisheries Review, 62(4), pp. 40-45.

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During 1991–2000, the west-are additional mortalities that fueled the ern stock of Steller sea lions, Eumetopias decline. We tabulated the levels of reported jubatus, declined at 5.03% (SE = 0.25%) anthropogenic sources of mortality (sub- per year, statistically significant rates (P < sistence, incidental take in fisheries, and 0.10) in all but the eastern Aleutian Islands research), estimated another (illegal shoot-region. The greatest rates of declines oc-ing), then approximated levels of predation curred in the eastern and central Gulf of Alas-(killer whales and sharks). We attempted to ka and the western Aleutian Islands (> 8.2% partition the various sources of “additional” per year). Using a published correction mortalities as anthropogenic and as addifactor, we estimated the total non-pup pop-tional mortality including some predation. ulation size in Alaska of the western stock We classified 436 anthropogenic mortalities of Steller sea lions to be about 33,000 ani-and 769 anthropogenic plus some predation mals. Based on a published life table and mortalities as “mortality above replace-the current rate of decline, we estimate that ment”; this accounted for 26% and 46% of the total number of mortalities of non-pup the estimated total level of “mortality above Steller sea lions during 1991–2000 was replacement”, respectively. The remaining about 6,383 animals; of those, 4,718 (74%) mortality (74% and 54%, respectively) was are mortalities that would have occurred if not attributed to a specific cause and may be the population were stable, and 1,666 (26%) the result of nutritional stress.

Item Type: Article
Title: An Accounting of the Sources of Steller Sea Lion, Eumetopias jubatus, Mortality
Personal Creator/Author:
Loughlin, Thomas R.
York, Anne E.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 62
Number: 4
Page Range: pp. 40-45
Date: 2000
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Item ID: 9764
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2012 14:33
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2012 14:33

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