Degradation of water quality at Wakulla Springs, Florida: assessment and recommendations

Peer Review Committee on the Workshop (2006) Degradation of water quality at Wakulla Springs, Florida: assessment and recommendations. In: 4th annual hydrogeology consortium workshop: Solving water pollution problems in the Wakulla Springshed of North Florida , May 11-13, 2005 ,Tallahassee, FL,

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Official URL: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/geology/programs/hydrog...

Abstract

Wakulla Springs, a natural resource of great ecological and recreational value, is suffering from two problems: (1) ecological decline due to excess nitrate loading and (2) dark water. While the source of dark water and the remedy for this problem remain uncertain, the situation regarding nitrate is reasonably clear. Currently the largest single source of nitrate appears to be the Southeast Sprayfield operated by the city of Tallahassee, but nitrate from septic tanks in Leon and northern Wakulla Counties is a looming problem. The long-term success of efforts to restore Wakulla Springs will depend on a continuing, coordinated research program into the sources of and solutions to the problems facing this unique natural resource. In order to address these problems and possibly reverse the decline that has occurred at Wakulla Springs, the following six recommendations are intended to serve as guides for future actions by local and state governments: Recommendation 1. Goal of Wastewater Disposal Activities A primary goal of all wastewater disposal activities in Leon and Wakulla Counties should be to reduce nutrient loading (nitrogen and phosphorus) to the aquifer. Recommendation 2. Wastewater Utility A wastewater utility should be established and charged with improving the operation of all onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems (OSTDSs or septic systems), in accordance with the goal stated in Recommendation 1. Recommendation 3. Regulate Fertilizers The amounts and types of fertilizer used in the catchment basin of Wakulla Springs should be limited and regulated through a combination of public education and targeted ordinances. Recommendation 4. Expedite the Total Maximum Daily Load Process The Florida Department of Environmental Protection should expedite the establishment of total maximum daily loads and pollutant load reduction goals for Wakulla Springs and River. Recommendation 5. Hydrologic Observatory A Hydrologic Observatory should be established and charged with coordinating and facilitating research activities into a number of issues related to the health of Wakulla Springs and River. Recommendation 6. Public Education A concerted, prolonged and properly funded effort should be made to educate the public on the importance of the previous recommendations to the long-term health of Wakulla Springs and its ecosystems. (84 slides)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Title: Degradation of water quality at Wakulla Springs, Florida: assessment and recommendations
Corporate Creator/Author: Peer Review Committee on the Workshop
Date: 2006
Latitude: 30.233
Longitude: -84.2921
Event Title: 4th annual hydrogeology consortium workshop: Solving water pollution problems in the Wakulla Springshed of North Florida
Event Type: Workshop
Event Location: Tallahassee, FL
Event Dates: May 11-13, 2005
Issuing Agency: Florida Geological Survey
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wakulla Springs; pollution; Florida; best management practices
Subjects: Management
Pollution
Limnology
Engineering
Item ID: 978
Depositing User: Stephanie Haas
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2008 15:10
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 21:19
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/978

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