Homarid Lobster Hatcheries: Their History and Role in Research, Management, and Aquaculture

Nicosia, Frank and Lavalli, Kari (1999) Homarid Lobster Hatcheries: Their History and Role in Research, Management, and Aquaculture. Marine Fisheries Review, 61(2), pp. 1-57.

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Abstract

This paper provides an historical review of homarid lobster fisheries, the development and usage of lobster hatcheries, and much of the research influenced by hatchery-initiated studies on natural history, physiology, and morphological development of the lobster, Homarus spp. Few commercial lobster hatcheries exist in the world today, yet their potential usage in restocking efforts in various countries is constantly being reexamined, particularly when natural stocks are considered “overfished.” Furthermore, many individual researchers working on homarid lobsters use smallscale hatchery operations to provide the animals necessary for their work as well as animals reared and provided by various governmental agencies interested in specific projects on larvae, postlarvae, or juveniles. Such researchers can benefi t from the information in this review and can avoid many pitfalls previously documented. The development of hatcheries and the experimental studies that were generated from their activities have had a direct impact on much of the research on lobsters. The past work arising from hatchery operations—descriptions of life stages, behavior, physiology, etc.—has generally been confirmed rather than refuted and has stimulated further research important for an understanding of the life history of homarid lobsters. The connections between homarid fisheries and hatchery operations (i.e. culturing of the lobsters), whether small- or large-scale for field and laboratory research, are important to understand so that better tools for fishery management can be developed. This review tries to provide such connections. However, the rearing techniques in use in today’s hatcheries—most of which are relics from the past—are clearly not effi cient enough for large-scale commercial aquaculture of lobsters or even for current restocking efforts practiced by several countries today. If hatcheries are to be used to supplement homarid stocks, to restock areas that were overfished, or to reintroduce species into their historical ranges, there is a clear need to further develop culture techniques. This review should help in assessments of culturing techniques for Homarus spp. and provide a reference source for researchers or governmental agencies wishing to avoid repeating previous mistakes.

Item Type: Article
Title: Homarid Lobster Hatcheries: Their History and Role in Research, Management, and Aquaculture
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Nicosia, Frank
Lavalli, Kari
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 61
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 1-57
Date: 1999
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Aquaculture
Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 9793
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2012 20:13
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2012 20:13
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9793

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