Catch and Bycatch in the Shark Drift Gillnet Fishery off Georgia and East Florida

Trent, L. and Parshley, D. E. and Carlson , J. K. (1997) Catch and Bycatch in the Shark Drift Gillnet Fishery off Georgia and East Florida. Marine Fisheries Review, 59(1), pp. 19-28.

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Abstract

An observer program of the shark drift gillnet fishery off the Atlantic coast of Florida and Georgia was begun in 1993 to define the fishery and estimate bycatch including bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus, and sea turtles. Boats in the fishery were 12.2-19.8 m long. Nets used were 275-1,800 m long and 3.2-4.1 m deep. Stretched-mesh sizes used were 12.7-29.9 cm. Fishing trips were usually <18 h and occurred within 30 n.mi. of port. Fishing with an observer aboard occurred between Savannah, Ga., and Jacksonville, Fla., and off Cape Canaveral, Fla. Nets were set at least 3 n.mi. offshore. Numbers of boats in the fishery increased from 5 in 1993 to 11 in 1995, but total trips decreased from 185 in 1994 to 149 in 1995. During 1993-95, 48 observer trips were completed and 52 net sets were observed. No marine mammals were caught and two loggerhead turtles, Caretta caretta, were caught and released alive. A total of 9,270 animals (12 shark, 21 teleost, 4 ray, and 1 sea turtle species) were captured. Blacknose, Carcharhinus acronotus; Atlantic sharpnose, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae; and blacktip shark, C. limbatus), were the dominant sharks caught. King mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalIa; little tunny, Euthynnus alleteratus; and cownose ray, Rhinoptera bonasus, were the dominant bycatch species. About 8.4% of the total catch was bycatch. Of the totals, 9.4% of the sharks and 37.3% ofthe bycatch were discarded.

Item Type: Article
Title: Catch and Bycatch in the Shark Drift Gillnet Fishery off Georgia and East Florida
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Trent, L.
Parshley, D. E.
Carlson , J. K.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 59
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 19-28
Date: 1997
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Fisheries
Management
Item ID: 9824
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2012 14:24
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2012 14:24
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9824

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