The Commercial, Subsistence, and Recreational Fisheries of American Samoa

Craig, Peter and Ponwith, Bonnie and Aitaoto, Fini and Hamm, David (1993) The Commercial, Subsistence, and Recreational Fisheries of American Samoa. Marine Fisheries Review, 55(2), pp. 109-116.

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Domestic fisheries in American Samoa landed 587,000 lb of fish and invertebrates in 1991 worth $993,000. Most of the catch (78%) and value (80%) was taken by the shoreline subsistence fishery that occurs on the coral reefs surrounding the islands. Artisanal fisheries for offshore pelagic fishes (primarily skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis; and yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares) and bottomfishes (snappers, emperors, groupers) accounted for 16% and 3%, respectively, of the domestic catch. Recreational tournament catches for pelagic fishes represented the remainder (3%). While sportfishing is becoming increasingly important, other domestic fisheries have declined in recent years. The shoreline subsistence fishery has dropped by about 25% over the past decade owing to socioeconomic factors and possibly overexploitation. Artisanal fisheries have also declined precipitously in recent years owing to hurricane-related damages, attrition of fishermen, and competition with imports. Artisanal fisheries show some potential for growth, but may be constrained by marketing issues, vessel capabilities, and limited stock sizes (for bottomfish) or local availability of high-value (pelagic) fishes. In contrast to the small-scale domestic fisheries, American Samoa is also homeport to a distant-water fleet of large purse seiners and longliners that fish beyond the EEZ and deliver about 160,000-220,000 short tons of tuna per year to local canneries.

Item Type: Article
Title: The Commercial, Subsistence, and Recreational Fisheries of American Samoa
Personal Creator/Author:
Craig, Peter
Ponwith, Bonnie
Aitaoto, Fini
Hamm, David
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 55
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 109-116
Date: 1993
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Fisheries
Item ID: 9879
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2012 20:39
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2012 20:39

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