Sindermann, Carl J. (1992) Disease Risks Associated with Importation of Nonindigenous Marine Animals. Marine Fisheries Review, 54(3), pp. 1-10.
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Transfers and introductions of marine species have occurred and are occurring on a worldwide basis, largely in response to perceived needs of expanding aquaculture industries. Greatest interest is in salmon (cage rearing and ocean ranching), shrimp, and bivalve mollusks, although other organisms are being considered. Such movements of animals carry an associated risk of moving pathogens into areas where they did not occur previously, possibly resulting in infections in native species. Many case histories of the effects of introduced pathogens and parasites now exist-enough to suggest that national and international action is necessary. Viral pathogens of shrimp and salmon, as well as protozoan parasites of mollusks and nematode parasites of eels, have entered complex "transfer networks" developed by humans, and have been transported globally with their hosts in several well-documented instances. Examining the records of transfers and introductions of marine species, incomplete as they are, permits the statement of emerging principles-foremost of which is that severe disease outbreaks can result from inadequately controlled or uncontrolled movements of marine animals.
|Title:||Disease Risks Associated with Importation of Nonindigenous Marine Animals|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Marine Fisheries Review|
|Page Range:||pp. 1-10|
|Issuing Agency:||United States National Marine Fisheries Service|
|Depositing User:||Patti M. Marraro|
|Date Deposited:||20 Aug 2012 14:38|
|Last Modified:||20 Aug 2012 14:38|
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