Restricted Access vs. Open Access Methods of Management: Toward More Effective Regulation of Fishing Effort

Waters, James R. (1991) Restricted Access vs. Open Access Methods of Management: Toward More Effective Regulation of Fishing Effort. Marine Fisheries Review, 53(3), pp. 1-10.

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Official URL: http://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/mfr533/mfr5331.pdf

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of the economic rationale for limited entry as a method of fishery management and discusses general advantages and disadvantages of license limitation and catch rights as the two primary methods of restricting access to marine fisheries. Traditional open-access methods of regulation (e.g., gear restrictions, size limits, trip limits, quotas, and closures) can be temporarily effective in protecting fish populations, but they generally fail to provide lasting biological or economic benefits to fishermen because they do not restrict access to the fishery. The general result of regulation with unrestricted access to a fishery is additional and more costly and complex regulations as competition increases for dwindling fishery resources. Regulation that restricts access to a fishery in conjunction with selected traditional methods of regulation would encourage efficient resource usage and minimize the need for future regulatory adjustments, provided that enforcement and monitoring costs are not too great. In theory, catch rights are superior to license limitation as a means of restricting access to a fishery.

Item Type: Article
Title: Restricted Access vs. Open Access Methods of Management: Toward More Effective Regulation of Fishing Effort
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Waters, James R.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 53
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 1-10
Date: 1991
ISSN: 0090-1830
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Fisheries
Management
Item ID: 9916
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2012 13:55
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2012 13:55
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/9916

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